The Study of Personnel Needs in Special Education (SPeNSE), funded by the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP), was designed to describe the quality of personnel serving students with disabilities and factors associated with workforce quality. It included computer-assisted telephone interviews with a nationally representative sample of local administrators (n=358) and service providers (n=8,061), including special and regular education teachers, speech-language pathologists, and special education paraprofessionals. Interviews were conducted in spring and fall 2000.

This report summarizes data from several different documents and also includes some analyses that do not appear elsewhere.

Download and view the complete Key Findings document in pdf form here: Key Findings.