President Submits FY 2020 Budget Request to Congress
On March 11, President Trump submitted his Fiscal Year 2020 budget request to Congress.
For the U.S. Department of Education (U.S. ED), the FY 2020 Budget Request includes $64.0 billion in new discretionary budget authority, a 10% decrease from the FY 2019 appropriation. The FY 2020 budget request includes $13.5 billion for Special Education programs and $521.6 million for the Institute of Education Sciences (IES). The IES request is $93.9 million less than the FY 2019 appropriation. There are six major initiatives in the FY 2020 budget request for the U.S. ED.
For the National Science Foundation (NSF), the FY 2020 Budget Request includes $7.1 billion, a 9.6% decrease from the FY 2018 actual level and a 12.6% decrease from the FY 2019 enacted level. FY 2020 funding will support approximately 8,000 new research grants. In FY 2020, the NSF will continue to support science, technology, innovation, and workforce development as well as its 10 Big Ideas.
For the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the FY 2020 Budget Request includes a program level of $34.4 billion, a 12.5% decrease from the $39.3 billion received in FY 2019. The FY 2020 budget request includes for the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) $1.6 billion; National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD) $271 million; and Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) $1.3 billion. In FY 2020, NIH will focus on three major areas.
(Note, dollar amounts have been rounded.)
U.S. Department of Education
There are six major initiatives in the FY 2020 budget request for the U.S. ED: (1) Increase Access to School Choice; (2) Support High-Need Students through Essential Formula Grant Programs; (3) Protect Students by Promoting Safe and Secure Schools; (4) Elevate the Teaching Profession through Innovation; (5) Promote Workforce Development for the 21st Century; and (6) Streamline and Improve Postsecondary Aid Programs.
- Increase Access to School Choice
- Education Freedom Scholarships (EFS) would provide up to $5 billion in federal tax credits for voluntary contributions by taxpayers to state-identified, non-profit scholarship granting organizations that help students access the education that is right for them.
- Doubles funding for the D.C. Opportunity Scholarship Program to $30 million.
- Provides $500 million for the Charter Schools Program, an increase of $60 million over FY 2019.
- Provides $107 million for the Magnet Schools Program.
- Provides a total of $50 million for new Student-Centered Funding Incentive Grants to increase transparency in education funding and allow more federal, state, and local aid to follow students to schools.
- Support High-Need Students through Essential Formula Grant Programs
- Provides Title I grants to school districts at $15.9 billion.
- Provides Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) state formula grants at $13.2 billion.
- Provides English Language Acquisition formula grants at $737.4 million.
- Protect Students by Promoting Safe and Secure Schools
- More than doubles School Safety National Activities grants, to $200 million, to assist states and districts with developing school emergency operations plans, offering counseling, and implementing evidence-based practices for improving behavioral outcomes.
- Elevate the Teaching Profession through Innovation
- Provides $300 million for Education Innovation and Research grants, an increase of $170 million over FY 2019, with $200 million for teacher professional development vouchers and $100 million for innovative science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) grants.
- Provides $200 million for Teacher and School Leaders Incentive Grants to fund projects that support high-quality mentoring and residency programs for new teachers and increased compensation for effective teachers, particularly in high-need fields and subjects (such as computer science).
- Promote Workforce Development for the 21st Century
- Provides $1.3 billion for Career and Technical Education (CTE) State Grants.
- Provides $20 million for CTE National Programs to help states modernize their CTE programming, an increase of $12.6 million over FY 2019.
- Provides a $60 million increase for Fast-Track Pre-Apprenticeships for Low-Skilled Adults, to boost the number of adults who are able to meet the basic entry requirements of apprenticeship programs.
- Streamline and Improve Postsecondary Aid Programs
- Expands Pell Grant eligibility to students enrolled in high-quality, short-term programs.
- Simplifies the federal student loan program and loan repayment system.
- Provides $1.8 billion to support administration of federal student aid programs, including the modernization of student loan servicing through the Next Generation Financial Services Environment.
Among the resources online are a press release, congressional justifications, and the PowerPoint presentation used in the in-person stakeholder briefing.
For a summary of the budget, view the U.S. Department of Education FY 2020 Budget Summary.
National Science Foundation
NSF will make strategic investments across the agency to support science, technology, innovation, and workforce development as well as its 10 Big Ideas.
NSF Budget by Appropriation (Dollars in Millions)
|Account||FY 2018 Actual||FY 2019 Enacted||FY 2020 Request||(Change Over FY 2018 Actual)
|Research and Related Activities||$6,380||$6,520||$5,663||-$717||-11%|
|Education and Human Resources||$904||$910||$823||-$80||-9%|
|Major Research Equipment and Facilities Construction||$186||$296||$223||$37||20%|
|Agency Operations and Award Management||$329||$330||$337||$8||3%|
|National Science Board||$4||$4||$4||*||-5%|
|Office of Inspector General||$15||$15||$15||*||2%|
|TOTAL, NSF Discretionary Funding||$7,818||$8,075||$7,066||-$752||-10%|
Note: Totals may not add due to rounding.
Research Big Ideas
- Harnessing the Data Revolution for 21st-Century Science and Engineering
- The Future of Work at the Human-Technology Frontier
- Windows on the Universe: The Era of Multi-messenger Astrophysics
- The Quantum Leap: Leading the Next Quantum Revolution
- Understanding the Rules of Life: Predicting Phenotype
- Navigating the New Arctic
Enabling Big Ideas
- NSF INCLUDES
- Growing Convergence Research at NSF
- Mid-scale Research Infrastructure
- NSF 2026
For the complete summary table, view National Science Foundation Summary Table FY 2020 Budget Request to Congress.
For more information, view the complete document at National Science Foundation FY 2020 Budget Request to Congress.
National Institutes of Health
In FY 2020, NIH will focus on the following three areas:
- Developing Transformative Tools and Technology. Advanced tools and techniques enable the development of faster and more accurate diagnostics, screening instruments, and treatment methods.
- From Basic Science to Clinical Breakthroughs. Fundamental science discoveries yield enormous long-term returns, providing the foundation for scientific advancement that leads to the clinical applications that ultimately help patients.
- Exploring the Next Frontier in Biomedical Research. Through ambitious research endeavors, harnessing the power of big data and revolutionary applications, and cultivation of the best and brightest biomedical research workforce, NIH will invest resources to ensure that the U.S. remains on the cutting edge of biomedical science.
(Dollars in Thousands)
|NIH Institutes||FY 2018 Actual||FY 2019 Enacted||FY 2020 Request|
|National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)||$1,754,434||$1,870,296||$1,630,422|
|National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)||$304,396||$314,679||$270,870|
|Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)||$1,457,226||$1,506,458||$1,296,732|
For more information, view the overview document at National Institutes of Health Overview of the FY 2020 President’s Budget.
To view all documents, visit the links on the Budget Request webpage for more information on the NIH request.